Periodontal or gum disease happens when bacteria gets below the gum line and the attachment between the gum and tooth is lost. Three out of four Americans have some form of periodontal disease and only 3 out of 100 will ever get treated before its too late.
Gum disease is a silent, chronic, painless and communicable bacterial infection that often goes undetected or ignored until severe gum and bone destruction is unbearable and no longer able to be ignored. Left untreated, gum disease can cause tooth loss.
Several warning signs can signal a problem. If you notice any of the following, please advise either Dr. Patel or your Dental Hygienist:
The first step in treating GUM DISEASE usually involves a special cleaning, called scaling and root planning which is also referred to as a “deep cleaning”. This procedure removes plaque and tartar deposits on the tooth and root surfaces. Which helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink, making it more difficult for plaque to accumulate along the root surfaces.
A local anesthetic may be given to reduce any discomfort. Using an instrument called a small scaler or an ultrasonic cleaner, plaque and tartar are removed down to the bottom of each periodontal pocket. The tooth’s root surfaces are then planed or smoothed.
We may also recommend medications, such as an antibiotic gel, ARESTIN, that is placed directly into the periodontal pocket after scaling and root planning, or prescription mouth rinses to control infection and aid healing.
While surgery may still be indicated for severely advanced periodontal cases, scaling and root planning is a much more conservative, effective and comfortable option for beginning to moderate periodontal cases.